Université de La Réunion

Publications des 5 dernières années

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The international Journal of the History of sport.2011

Histoire du sport. La revue internationale "The International Journal of the History of Sport" consacre son volume 28, Issue 12, 2011 au thème suivant "Colonial Sport in Madagascar, 1896-1960". Les articles de ce numéro ont été rédigés par Evelyne Combeau-Mari, professeur en histoire contemporaine à l’Université de La Réunion, membre du CRESOI.

Abstract : Transposing onto a symbolic level the theories of ‘struggle for life’ and social Darwinism, which justify natural inequalities, sport turned out to be a very appropriate auxiliary to colonial expansion. Due to its entertainment value, spectacular character and unifying appeal, the British educational model captivated the attention of the Malagasy elite. What, respectively, were the place and purpose for ‘gymnastics’ and sport in Madagascar ? The aim of this study is to reveal and analyse the systems of implantation and spreading of, then empowerment through, these corporal practices during the period of French colonisation [1896–1960]. In a colonial environment, sport was paradoxically both an instrument of colonisation [of education, assimilation, etc.], and an implement of decolonisation [grounds for assembly, conflict, and expression of identity]. This dual function, complex in the process it initiates, had a unique effect on both the history and culture of the island-continent of Madagascar.

Océan Indien

Les îles de l'océan Indien > La Réunion <> Les Comores <> Les Seychelles <> Madagascar <> Mayotte <> Maurice <> Rodrigues